History (and the Expansion) of the Central Board of Secondary Examination

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The Central Board of Secondary Education, which is commonly known as CBSE, is one of the most popular educational boards of India. A huge number of private and public schools are affiliated with it.

The Formation and Development of the CBSE

The CBSE was initially born in 1921, although it was known as the UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education back then. It was the first education Board ever formed in India, and only had Central India, Gwalior and Rajputana under its jurisdiction. It was formed by the Union Government of India.

CBSE Website Home

However, following an appeal from a governing body that represents several different provinces, the then GOI (Indian government) suggested including some other areas, which resulted in the Board being renamed to reflect its new status.

The new areas included were Ajmer and Merwara, while the other areas were Gwalior and Central India.

But at this point started an era of expansion of secondary level education in India. This was believed to have reshaped the education in India for the better.

However, this also led to the emergence of many state-level educational institutions across the country. This resulted in the network of the affiliated educational bodies of what is presently known as the CBSE being limited to only Bhopal, Ajmer and Vindhya Pradesh.

This called for the need to amend the board, which was done in 1952. The board was again renamed to what it’s known as today, the Central Board of Secondary Education. Its jurisdiction was expanded from just a few areas previously to cover the part-C and part-D areas of the country.

However, the final major change came in the year 1962, the board went through a crucial reconstitution phase. This step was taken with two main objectives. They were:

  • To help improve the condition of the educational bodies in the country
  • To offer a reliable source of education for students whose parents were working on a government job and had to stay in different parts of the country for different periods of time due to the nature of their job.

The Expanding Jurisdiction

As far as the current jurisdiction of the CBSE is concerned, it has expanded exponentially than from when it was first formed. The majority of the expansion was simply because of the reconstitution, as following this development the educational body governing the secondary education schools in Delhi was merged with the CBSE.

This meant that all the secondary educational institutions that were under the jurisdiction of the Delhi Board now came under the jurisdiction of the CBSE. Similarly, many other educational boards of the country followed suit, leading to all the schools in the Andaman and Nicobar Island, Chandigarh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh as well as Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal ending up having the CBSE as their new educational board.

Just to give you an idea of the kind of expansion the reconstitution brought about, the CBSE went from just over 300 schools in 1962 to as many as 19316 schools in 2017 (Read: Data.gov.in stats). What’s more, there are currently also well over 200 schools in foreign countries that are under the jurisdiction of the CBSE.

Now, just to get a little more specific, the CBSE currently has the following secondary educational institutions affiliated with it.

  • 2734 government schools
  • 1118 vidyalas formed by the central government
  • A little less than 15000 private schools
  • About 600 vidyalayas formed as a part of a unique initiative
  • 14 schools that were formed for Tibetan children of the country

Regional Offices and Functioning of the CBSE

With so many affiliated schools and educational institutions to take care of, the CBSE had to find a way to be responsive enough to them. And to achieve this, it set up many regional offices in various parts of the country.

Here are the states where the CBSE currently has a functional regional office to respond to the needs of the affiliated educational institutions.

  • Allahabad
  • Bhubaneshwar
  • Delhi
  • Panchkula
  • Guwahati
  • Ajmer
  • Dehradun
  • Patna
  • Chennai
  • Trivanthapuram

As for the affiliated schools based in foreign countries, their needs are taken care of by the Delhi office. Also, it’s important to note that although all regional offices of the CBSE have enough powers to perform their duties towards the affiliated institutions properly, some of the more important issues are only in the hands of the Delhi office.

These issues primarily include policy matters. Similarly, the headquarter (Delhi office) also ensures that its regional offices are functioning the way they should.

Objectives of the CBSE

The CBSE’s development was backed by some objectives that it decided would be the pillars of its functioning. The CBSE is actually much more than just a Central Board for a large majority of schools and secondary educational institutions in the country thanks to these objectives.

So without further ado, let’s take a look at the objectives that the CBSE decided to follow after its reconstitution.

  • To help the educational institutions affiliated with it to have an ideal approach to the way they educate the children of the country, as well as trying to ensure a stress-free educational environment while still maintaining the quality of the education
  • To constantly monitor the activities of the said institutions as well as redefine the quality standards (of the education provided) depending on the changing requirements
  • To develop and implement important processes that are aimed at improving the overall quality of education
  • To find and follow ways to achieve higher standards of academics while still maintaining healthy pedagogical, psychological and social principles
  • To assist the affiliated educational bodies to ensure a friendly teacher-student environment
  • To build plans that allow the affiliated schools to redefine their quality benchmarks from time to time in order to make sure they align with the changing national goals
  • To help in different ways to improve and update the teaching skills of the teachers
  • To take care of all matters related to the examinations of the said schools, including conducting the examinations
  • To help students of parents who had their job transferred continue their education without much difficulty

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